Lower back pain is a common condition, especially among adults between the ages of 30 and 50. The condition is characterized by discomfort in the lower back. It can range from mild/short lived sudden discomfort referred to as acute pain to immense pain that become chronic with time.
Common Causes of Low Back Pain.
– Muscle pulls.
– Nerve irritation.
– Manual materials handling (especially lifting).
– Spinal abnormalities such as spinal stenosis or a slipped disk.
– Excessive reaching.
– Trunk twisting.
– Bending of trunk forward or sideways.
– Highly physical jobs.
– Prolonged sitting.
– Exposure to whole-body vibration,
– Sedentary jobs.
– Cigarette smoking.
– A very tall stature.
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Are You At Risk?
The pain may start in an individual in their early twenties and continue on throughout adulthood. Over 80 per cent of the general population gets affected by low back pain (LBP) at some point of time during their lives. Prevention can reduce your risk.
The symptoms range from a very sharp and acute to a dull ache. In some cases, the pain can be constant, recurrent and positional. Patients may suffer from acute low back pain all of a sudden after injury. Chronic back pain lasts more than 3 months. It is important to consult a doctor for prolonged back pain that lasts more than 3 days.
Common Non-Surgical Lower Back Pain Treatment Options:
The treatment options for lower back pain relief may vary depending on the cause of the condition. Treatment offered is aimed at reducing pain. Doctor will prescribe treatments together with a physical therapy program.
Give ample rest to your lower back to back pain relief. Short periods of bed rest are recommended as a part of treatment for low back pain. Lie on your back with a pillow under your knees to ensure neutral position for your back. Avoid resting for very long period as inactivity for longer time weakens muscles.
These serve as a depressant of the central nervous system and improve mobility of tense muscles. The relaxants relieve pain from muscle tightness or spasms.
Heat or Ice
Hot or cold compress will relieve back pain. Heat and ice packs increase mobility and reduce pain. Simply place a bag of ice or frozen vegetables on the tender regions of the lower back to reduce inflammation. Switch to heat after some days with a heating pad or warm bath. It helps loosen the tight muscles that cause pain.
One cannot imagine doing exercise when back hurts. However, back pain responds well to physical activity. It is an effective way to recover from pain. Some of the exercises recommended by doctors include core exercises such as bridges and pelvic tilts that strengthen abdominal and spinal muscles. Strengthening of these muscles helps relieve lower back pain. Yoga, swimming and walking are also great exercises to keep back healthy and pain free.
The treatment is based in ancient Chinese medicinal therapy. It stimulates points on the body for correcting “qi,” or life force of the body. Qi is known to reduce discomfort and pain in the body. Each session involves placing of very thin needles on the skin for around an hour.
Professional massage is applied to the low back to relieve muscle spasms that contribute to pain. Proper massage enhances flow of blood to the low back accelerating healing process by transporting oxygen and nutrients to damaged muscles.
This treatment is suggested when back pain does not respond to conventional treatments. Ultrasound is a technique involving massaging of soft tissues around back injury using sound waves to warm the muscles, causing them to relax and heal faster.
This treatment is also suggested when conventional treatments fail to respond to pain. An acronym to Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation, TENS is electronic stimulation of the nerves via using electrodes on the skin. Electricity blocks the signals of pain that travel through the nerve paths.
Studies have revealed that meditation may be helpful in decreasing the sensitivity of pain. It also works by reducing anxiety, depression, and sleep problems that usually follow with chronic pain. Deep breathing exercises are very helpful in reducing pain.